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UNIT 30: VĂN HÓA GIAO TIẾP ANH-MỸ

2018-05-16

VĂN HÓA GIAO TIẾP ANH-MỸ

Xem thêm các bài viết khác:

1) ĐỀ NGHỊ NGƯỜI KHÁC GIÚP MÌNH:

- Động từ nguyên mẫu......

- Động từ nguyên mẫu ...., please.

- Please + động từ nguyên mẫu......

- Can you  + động từ nguyên mẫu......

- Could you + động từ nguyên mẫu......

- Would you please + động từ nguyên mẫu......

- Would / Do you mind  + động từ thêm Ing......: phiền bạn …..

Chú ý : Để đề nghị ai cho mình làm việc gì
- would you mind if I + mệnh đề QKĐ. (Bạn có phiền không nếu ….)
Ex : Would you mind if I used your car?

 

- do you mind if I + mệnh đề HTĐ.
Ex : Do you mind if I use your car?

 

- Để đề nghị ai làm việc gì
- would you mind/do you mind + V_ing
Ex : Would you mind/ Do you mind lending your pencil?

 Đáp lại các mẫu trên:

Đồng ý :

- Certainly

- Of course

- Sure

- No problem

- What can I do for you?

- How can I help you?

Không đồng ý

I'm sorry. I'm busy

 

Đối với : Would / Do you mind  + động từ thêm ING...... :

Đồng ý:

- No I don't mind.

- No, of course not.

- Not at all.

Không đồng ý :

- I'm sorry, I can't.

 

2 ) ĐỀ NGHỊ GIÚP NGƯỜI KHÁC:

- Can I help you?

- Shall I ....?

- What can I do for you?

- May I help you?

- Do you need any help?

- Let me help you.

 

Đáp lại các mẫu trên:

-Yes/No. Thank you

-That's very kind of you.

 

3 ) XIN PHÉP LÀM GÌ:

- May I ....?

- Can I .....? 

- Would you mind/ bother if I + mệnh đề chia quá khứ đơn.

- Do you mind if I + mệnh đề chia hiện tại đơn.

Đáp lại các mẫu trên:

Đồng ý:

- Certainly

- Of course

- Please do

- Please go ahead

Không đồng ý:

- I'd rather you didn't

- I'd prefer you didn't

 

4) RỦ AI LÀM GÌ:

- Let's + động từ nguyên mẫu.

- why don't we + động từ nguyên mẫu ?

- Shall we + động từ nguyên mẫu ?

- How about + động từ thêm ing ?

- What about + động từ thêm ing?

Trả lời:

Yes, let's.

That's good idea.

No, let's not.

 

5) CÂU CÁM ƠN:

- Thank you.

- Thank you very much.

- Thanks a lot.

- Thanks a lot for ....

Đáp lại:

- You're welcome.

- That's all right.

- Not at all.

- It's my pleasure

- Any time

 

6 ) XIN LẶP LẠI CÂU HỎI VÌ NGHE KHÔNG RÕ:

- Pardon?

- Please say that again.

 

8 ) MỜI MỌC:

a) Mời ăn uống:

- Would you like + món ăn/uống

Ex : Would you like a cup of tea? 

Đáp lại:

- Yes, please.

- No, thanks.

 

b) Mời đi đâu:

- Would you like + to inf.

Ex : Would you like to go to the cinema with me? 

       Would you like to go to the party? 

 Đáp lại:

- Yes, I'd love to

- I'm sorry. I'm afraid I can't

 

9/ XIN LỖI:

a/ Do làm lỗi

Oh, I am so sorry. 

Sorry to trouble you. 

Đáp lại:

That’s all right

Not at all

It doesn’t matter

 

b/ Xin lỗi đẻ nhờ vả:

Excuse me!

Đáp: Yes?

 

10/ NÓI LÊN Ý KIẾN CHỦ QUAN CỦA MÌNH:

I think…                                                        

I believe…                                                     

In my opinion,…                                            

As I see it,…                                                  

From my point of view                                  

 

11/ SHOWING INTEREST

1. Uh-huh!

3. Right!

3. Really?

4. That's interesting!

5. And?

6. What then?

7. Oh?

8. What happened next?

 

12/ SHOWING THAT YOU'RE LISTENING

1. Now, you mentioned...

2. So, that's how...?

3. Yes, I was going to ask you about that...

4. Could you give me / us an example of...?

5. Could you explain in more detail...?

 

13/ THANKING AND RESPONDING

1. Many thanks.

2. Thanks a lot.

3. Cheers!

4. That's very kind of you.

5. Thank you very much

 

Responding

Not at all.

It's a pleasure. / My pleasure.

You're welcome.

Don't mention it.

Any time.

That's OK / all right.

I'm glad to have been of some help

 

14/ APOLOGIZING

1. Sorry

2. I'm very/awfully/so/extremely/terribly sorry.

3. Sorry, (it was) my fault.

4. I do apologize.

5. Please accept my apologies.

 

 Accepting an apology

1. That's all right/OK.

2. Not to worry.

3. That's quite/perfectly all right.

4. No reason/need to apologize.

5. Don't worry about it

6. Never mind

 

15/ TALKING ABOUT ACTIONS

a/ Giving instructions

1. Make sure...

2. Remember... (to do).

3. Be careful... (not to do).

4. Don't forget... (to do)

5. Giving directions

6. Go straight on.

7. Take the first/second on the left / right.

8. Turn left / right.

9. Go along... as far as...

10. Take the number 7 bus / tram.

12. Get off (the bus / tram) at... (place).

13. Carry on until you see...

14. Look out for..

b/ Checking someone has understood

1. Are you with me?

2. Did you follow that?

3. Have you got that?

4. Is everything clear so far?

5. Does that seem to make sense?

c/ Sequencing actions

1. First of all, ...

2. Next, ...

3. Then, ...

4. After that, ...

5. Finally, ...

d/ Making suggestions

1. Shall I / we... (do)?

2. Let's... (do).

3. Why don't I / we... (do)?

4. How about... (doing)?

5. What about... (doing)?

6. I think we should... (do).

7. I suggest that we... (do).

8. It might be a good idea if we / you... (do).

9. I think the best way of dealing with this situation would be to... (do).

10. If you ask me, I think we / you should... (do).

12. We could...

e/ Agreeing to a suggestion

1. Yes, I think that's a good idea.

2. That's probably the best option.

3. Sure, why not?

4. Yes, definitely.

5. By all means.

6. Good idea!

 

16/ EXPRESSIONS OF AGREEMENT AND DISAGREEMENT

A. How to Agree Strongly with an Opinion
1. I couldn't agree more!
2. Absolutely!
3. I agree with your point.
4. I'd go along with you there.
5. I'm with you on that.
6. That's just what I was thinking.
7. That's a good point.
8. That's exactly my opinion.

I quite agree.                                                  

I agree with you completely                          

That’s right!                                                   

B. How to Half Agree with an Opinion
1. Yes, perhaps, however ...
2. Well, yes, but ...
3. Yes, in a way, however ...
4. Hmm, possibly, but ...
5. Yes, I agree up to a point, however ...
6. Well, you have a point there, but ...
7. I guess you could be right, but ...
8. That's worth thinking about, but ...

Well, I see your point but…                          

I don’t quite agree.                                        

To a certain extent, yes, but …                      

C. How to Disagree Politely with an Opinion
1. I am not so sure/certain about that.
2. That’s not the way I see it.
3. Well, personally, I think that…
4. Well, I don't quite agree with you because…
5. I'm afraid I don't agree.
6. I see what you mean, but…


D. How to Disagree Strongly with an Opinion
1. I disagree.
2. I disagree with your idea.
3. I can't agree with you.
4. I wouldn't go along with you there.
5. You can't be serious about that.
6. Come off it! Don’t be silly!

I don’t agree.                                                 

I’m afraid, I disagree                                     

That’t wrong                                                  

That’s not true

What nonsense!                                              

What rubbish!                                                

I completely disagree

 

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